EDWARD MONTGOMERY CLIFT was born on October 17, 1920 in Omaha, Nebraska.
He began acting at the age of twelve in amateur productions and was a successful
Broadway talent by the age of fourteen, performing in several noteworthy
productions in the 1940's including "There Shall Be No Night,"
"The Skin of Our Teeth" with Tallulah
Bankhead, the 1944 revival of "Our Town" and Tennessee Williams'
"You Touched Me" (1945).
Beckoned by Hollywood because of his good looks, he made his first
movie RED RIVER (a Howard
Hawks' western starring John Wayne)
in 1946. Due to the delayed release of this film however, his debut film
was THE SEARCH (1948) and he was nominated for Best Actor. Clift's impressive
career of 17 films and four Academy Award nominations included several
notable films, three of which were George
Stevens' A PLACE IN THE SUN (1951) with Elizabeth
Taylor, FROM HERE TO ETERNITY (1953) with Burt
Lancaster, Deborah Kerr,
Donna Reed and Frank
Sinatra for both of which he was again nominated for Best Actor, and
JUDGEMENT AT NUREMBERG (1961) starring Judy
Garland and Spencer Tracy for which
he recieved a nomination in the Best Supporting Actor category.
During the filming of RAINTREE COUNTY (1957), Clift was involved
in a near-fatal car accident which disfigured his face, leaving it half-paralyzed.
Though set to play in REFLECTIONS IN A GOLDEN EYE, opposite Elizabeth
Taylor, Clift died of a heart attack on July 23, 1966 in New York before
the film began shooting.
Biographical information from Cinemania '95.